Guru Rinpoche (Guru Padmasambhava or also called as a second Buddha landed in Taktshang or the Tiger Nest in Paro: Bhutan.
It is believed that the name Bhutan is derived from the Sanskrit Bhotant, meaning “the end of Tibet”or from Bhu-uttan, meaning the “the highland”. Bhutanese refer themselves as Drukpa people.
Shabdrung Ngwang Namgyal, the Tibeaten Lama of the Drukpa School, arrived in Bhutan in 1616 BC. He introduced the present dual system of religion and secular Government. The Monarchy has thrived ever since, and the fourth king, His Majesty King Jigme Singye Wangchuk (1972-2006) and his son the fifth king, His Majesty Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuk (2006 to present), command the overwhelming support of their people.
The Kingdom of Bhutan lies in the eastern Himalayas, between Tibet to the North, Indian territories of Assam and Bengal to the south and east, and Sikkim to the west. The kingdom has a total area of about 47000 square kilometres, roughly the size of Switzerland.
The first recorded settlers arrived sometime in 1400 years ago. Bhutan’s indigenous population is the Drukpa. The main ethnic groups, the Sharchops, the Ngalops and the Lhotshampas make up today’s Drukpa population. Bhutan’s earliest residents, the Sharchops (the people of the east) resides predominantly in eastern Bhutan. The current population touches minimum to 750,000.
Bhutan’s official Language is Dzongkha.
The national dress of Bhutan Gho for male and Kira for Female. Necklaces are fashioned from corals, pearls, turquoise and the precious agate eye stones that the Bhutanese call “tears of the gods “or dzi beads.